University Paris-Est can award its doctoral candidates a "European label" (also known as "Doctor Europaeus”, "European PhD", "European Doctorate").
This system is based on:
The "European PhD" consists of a traditional PhD qualification plus a "European label" certificate issued by University Paris-Est and signed by its President. The "European label" can only be issued when four conditions are met. The PhD student may then apply when the thesis defence is being organized:
This system is separate from but can be combined with the cotutelle one.
The label does not appear on the PhD certificate but it forms a powerful tool for promoting doctoral training internationally.
A candidate who wishes to obtain the "European label" must just inform their doctoral school before they defend their thesis.